Sep 12, 2010

प्रवीण पाठमाला पहले छ: पाठों का अँग्रेज़ी अनुवाद

बहुत पहले हमने प्रवीण पाठमाला का अँग्रेज़ी अनुवाद उपलब्ध कराने का आश्वासन दिया था.पहली किस्त में  पहले छ: पाठों का अँग्रेज़ी अनुवाद यहाँ दिया जा रहा है.
(सौजन्य राजभाषा विभाग एवं सी डेक)
Lesson 1

This time we made a programme to take leave travel concession and visit Orissa, situated in the east of India. Orissa has always attracted us. As we have deep faith in God, my wife and I wished to see Jagannath Puri. Along with this I also wanted to see the battle field of King Asoka’s Kalinga Victory and other historical sites. We reached Orissa is capital Bhubaneswar by train. From there we went by bus to Lord Jagannath’s town Puri . From Bhubaneswar the distance till Puri is approximately 52 kilometers.

According to religious belief Jagannath Puri is one of the four famous dhams (abode of a deity). Wooden idols of Lord Krishna, Balbhadra and Subhadra are installed in Puri. Every year a huge grand procession of these idols is taken out which is called the hRath Yatrah of Lord Jagannath. In this lakhs of devotees pull the chariot of Lord Krishna, Balbhadra and Subhadra with reverence and bring it till Gundicha Temple. The Jagannath temple of Puri is ancient and grand. In Puri apart from this temple there are a number of small and big temples. That is why it is called a town of temples. Puri is not only famous as a religious town but because of the seacoast it is also famous as a main tourist place in the eastern region. Lakhs of tourists from the country and abroad come to roam on the sea-coast and enjoy the sunrise here. Watching the round sun slowly-slowly appear from the sea was a wonderful, thrilling experience. We also bathed in the sea with the children. The children enjoyed a lot playing with the waves. On the sea shore people selling conches and beautiful things made of shells were roaming. We bought some things from them and returned back. The State Tourism Development Corporation of Orissa state organizes conducted tours for tourists. After halting two days at Puri we made a programme to see the main tourist centres by the State Tourism Corporation bus. A tourist bus was standing near the hotel. As soon as we sat down, the bus started at 6:30 in the morning. The first halt of the bus was at the meeting place of the Chandrabhaga river with the sea. Often there was no water in the river. According to legend this river remains dry on top and water flows below. During the rains when water fills up in it then the river leaps up breaking itzs shores gushing fast eager to meet the sea. After this we reached Konark. Konark is world famous for its grand art of sculpture. Konarks Sun temple is a priceless treasure of our culture. After Konark our next halt was the battlefield of Kalinga. This is the ground where King Asoka fought a battle to gain victory over Kalinga. The King was victorious but seeing the blood filled water of the Padma river he greatly repented.Over here he took a resolution to never fight a war and accepted the Buddhist religion. It was going to be afternoon. The sun was scaring us with its heat. Now we returned to Bhubaneswar. In Bhubaneswar we saw the famous ancient temple of Lingaraja. This premises has 108 temples. This temple is a symbol of our architectural art and faith. We undertook the journey of Bhubaneswar town by bus only. In the afternoon we saw the famous Nandankanan Wildlife Protection Centre.The white tiger and elephant are the main attractions of Nandankanan. Seeing wild animals roaming in the open was a different kind of thrilling experience. After the excursion to Nandankanan we saw the world famous Jain caves at Uday Giri and Khand Giri.Next day we made a programme to see the famous Chilka Lake. Chilka is a huge lake in India and there is also a world famous bird sanctuary here. It is the largest salt water lake in Asia. We spent the whole day boating in Chilka. Seeing dolphins in it the children were very happy. We will always remember this trip to Orissa.

Lesson 2

In Sanskrit there is a famous drama - Mrichakatikam meaning car of clay.Shudrak has written this play. In this play the goods and evils of society have been portrayed in such a manner that they seem believable even today. Charudatta is the hero of the drama. He belongs to a rich family. He stays in a colony of wealthy people but because of loss in business he is heading towards poverty. IN the name of wealth he has only character and fame left with him. A prostitute named Basantsena greatly loves him. She loves Charudatta, not his wealth. At that time injustice and tyranny were increasing in society. The king was not worried about this. He lived a life of merriment.In his kingdom thieves and robbers did as they pleased and looted people. The public was terror-struck by them.Insecurity was present in society. Due to this fear Basantsena had kept her ornaments with Charudatta. One day a thief stole them, and took them away. Charudatta started worrying that people would put the allegation on him that he had grabbed what Basantsena had kept with him in trust. To save Charudatta from this insult, his wife Dyoota sent Basantsena her valuable necklace. In the meantime the stolen ornaments were returned to Basantsena. On the pretext of returning Dyoota's necklace, Basantsena comes to Charudattas house. Charudatta's small child is being stubborn, I want a car of gold.Actually his friends were from rich families and played with expensive toys.To amuse Charudatta's son with a car of clay was their helplessness. Basantsena feels bad about this and fills up the child's car with her ornaments. While returning because of a change in the chariot in the crowd Basantsena reaches a deserted place. The King's brother-in law Shankar is jealous of Charudatta because Basantsena is Charudatta's beloved and he also loves Basantsena. That's why finding an opportunity Shankar tries to kill Basantsena and on returning puts the false allegation of murdering Basantsena on Charudatta. The dispute reaches the judge. Corruption is spread in the courts also. The King's brother-in-law threatens the judge. The eye-witness is not allowed to reach the court. False testimony is given against Charudatta and the statements of real eye-witnesses is also twisted. Without wasting time the judge announces a death sentence for Charudatta. Hearing the announcement of giving death sentence to the innocent Charudatta discontent spread amongst the public. Public agitation rises against the King. There is mass revolution. Prisoners imprisoned on false charges are released. Amongst those prisoners there was one who had seen Shankar throttling Basantsena's neck. That prisoner runs towards the site of the murder. Basantsena becomes unconscious because of her throat being strangled but thinking she is dead Shankar runs away. On regaining consciousness Basantsena hears the news of the death sentence imposed on Charudatta and to save Charudatta she also runs towards the court. On the other hand Charudatta's son along with his clay car laden with ornaments also reaches the place where the death sentence was to be executed. Shankar wants to see Charudatta hanged before his eyes as soon as possible but when the crowd of revolutionaries reaches there it becomes difficult for him to save his life. With the arrival of Basantsena all the allegations are proved false. There the revolutionaries remove the King from the throne and free Charudatta.In the end the public chooses a person who is capable and justice-loving as their king.

Lesson 3

Mohini : Oh Prashant, you are looking very worried today. If something is worrying you, then tell me. Maybe I can be of some help.

Prashant : Yes, Madam. I had deposited 25,000 rupees and given an application for taking a flat under the Housing Development Authority. My name has now come in the lottery. The flat has been sanctioned, but........ .

Mohini : This is something to be happy about. Hearty congratulations. But why are you so worried? Prashant : The reason for my worry is money. How will so much money be arranged?

Mohini : What is the total cost of this flat?

Prashant : To buy this flat I need ten lakh rupees. The problem is that if I am unable to arrange for the money within three months then my registration will be cancelled. Where does one get the opportunity to buy a house again and again?

Mohini : You must have submitted an application for house building advance in your office.

Prashant : Yes, I had informed them earlier. Now after the draw I have submitted an application for the loan also. If I don't get the loan in time then I will have problem.

Mohini : If the office gives you loan then how much will they give?

Prashant : I can get a loan equivalent to fifty month's basic pay which will be about five lakh rupees. Mohini : From where will you arrange the balance amount? If you are a member of a co-operative loan society then you can get a loan of up to about two lakh rupees from there also.

Prashant : Yes. If I don't get the loan in time from the co-operative housing society, then I can take loan from banks or some private financial companies.

Mohini : Your official service is of fifteen years. If you want you can take a final withdrawal of up to 90 percent from the general provident fund.

Prashant : Yes, I can get about three lakh rupees from the general provident fund.

Mohini : If you have personal savings or some shares then you can use those also for buying the house.

Prashant : Yes, from all these sources I will get five-six lakhs. If there is delay in getting the loan from the office then all the plans of buying the house will be ruined.

Mohini : But don't be disappointed. There is one more option. If the full amount cannot be arranged, you can buy the house in installments also.

Prashant : No Madam, the allotment of my flat has been done under the cash down scheme, hence it cannot be changed to installments.

Mohini : Then it is difficult. But I feel that you will get the loan.

Lesson 4

Tourist : Namaskar Sir!

Travel Agent : Namaskar. Come, please sit down. Tell me, what information do you want?

Tourist : Sir, I wish to tour South India along with my family. For this I want some information from you. Travel Agent : You will certainly get it .Please tell me how many people are there in your family?

Tourist : We are five people. Me, my wife, mother, father and son.

Travel Agent : How many days tour do you wish to take?

Tourist : If a good programme can be made we would like to go on a 15 day tour.

Travel Agent : South India is famous for temples. Where all do you wish to go in the South?

Tourist : We would like to visit Mysore, Chennai, Madurai and Kanyakumari in the south.

Travel Agent : My suggestion is that if you are going to Mysore then get off at Bangalore on the way. Bangalore is a very beautiful city. Roam around in Bangalore for a day. Later go to Mysore. In Mysore the Royal Palace, the fort of Tipu Sultan, Vrindavan Garden etc. are places worth seeing. From Mysore go to Chennai. You can see Mahabalipuram and Kanchipuram close to Chennai. If you wish, go to Kanyakumari straight from Chennai. While returning from there you can visit Madurai and Kodaikanal. Ok, tell me, would you like to travel by train or by bus?

Tourist : If the programme is fixed I would like to travel by train.

Travel Agent : Do you want hotel facility? Where will you stay?

Tourist : Yes, of course hotel will be required.

Travel Agent : In the South the hotels are quite cheap and good also.

Tourist : If we travel by train what will be the fare?

Travel Agent : If you travel by train, the AC II class fare will be approximately forty thousand rupees.

Tourist : Thank you for the information. Once the programme is finalized I will contact you in a day or two.

Lesson 5

India is the largest democracy in the world. In a democracy the public elects their representatives themselves. The Election Commission holds general elections every five years for the Lok Sabha and the Vidhan Sabha. The Election Commission of India is a statutory institution. It ensures free and fair elections in the country. During the election process first of all the dates for the election are notified throughout the country by the Election Commission. As soon as the election dates are announced activity in the political parties increases and they start issuing their election manifestos. Election activities step up throughout the country. Posters, slogans, appeals etc. are printed. Names of candidates who should be given tickets are considered. Huge cut outs of small and big leaders are put up. There is a flood of election meetings and rallies. New schemes are made to lure the voters. Devices are searched to attract them and win the elections. New issues are raised every day. If less crowds gather at the meetings and rallies then film artistes are called. In some places some popular film stars themselves stand for elections. In some places the effort to criminalize politics can also be seen. The Election Commission and honorable courts of justice in the country are not ignorant about this. To prevent this trend rules and laws are also made from time to time. In a democracy voting is the sacred duty of the citizens. As a vigilant citizen we should exercise our franchise after careful thought. While casting your vote without thinking of religion, caste and language etc. you should vote for the dutiful and honest candidate only. In reality only such a candidate can protect the interests of the public of the country. The voter should exercise his franchise without any pressure on him so that India can acquire skilled leadership and India's democracy gets further strengthened.

Lesson 6

My brother Manohar has done B.A. He has also learnt stenography and working on the computer too. He wishes that if he gets some government job it will be good. Last week our Uncle (Chacha) came from Delhi. He is a financial advisor in the Central Secretariat in Delhi. In the course of the conversation Manohar said to him, Uncle, when you return to Delhi, I will also come with you. Please get me a job in some government office. Uncle explained, Son, you can come along with me. Aunty (Chachi) will also be pleased to meet you, but it is not easy to get a government job because there is a fixed process involved for appointment in government offices. For selection to posts in the Central government the Union Public Service Commission and Staff Selection Commission organize competitive examinations. Candidates who are successful in the written examination are called for interviews. After the interview successful candidates are recruited. According to the demand of various government offices both these commissions from time to time select on the basis of interviews also to fill up vacant posts. Similarly in different states of India for recruitment to government posts competitive examinations are organized by the State Public Service Commission. Before the competitive examinations are held different offices inform (notify) these commissions of the vacant posts. For recruitment to the appointed posts various offices sometimes invite applications by giving advertisements in the employment news. In the application designation, age-limit, qualifications, experience etc. information is desired. On receiving the applications they are verified and a list of applications is made. If a written examination is taken then the list is made after that according to the order of capability. According to this list applicants are called for the interview. In the interview general knowledge, capability and practical expertise etc. of the applicants is seen. Those candidates who give the correct answer with self-confidence only they are selected. Manohar understood what Uncle said. He said that he would prepare well for the competitive examinations. Next day while returning to Delhi Uncle said, Son, apart from daily newspapers, see the employment news on a regular basis. In them service related advertisements by the Union Public Service Commission, Staff Selection Commission, Railway Recruitment Board, Banking Service Recruitment Board and Corporations, Bodies and Undertakings etc. keep coming. When any post befitting you comes out then I will also inform you immediately.

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